Quebec TipTypes

A photograph is a glimpse into the past

Amy Johnson Crow and her #52ancestor challenge have us picking a favorite image this week.

This is not an easy task because I have a wide range of photographs from various family lines. I decided to pick from the pictures I have of unknown people.

This image is a tintype, without a doubt I believe it was taken in Quebec because of the clothing. I have calculated the date of the image to be anywhere from 1870-1900. I cannot attribute it to any family members, but believe it is from the Norton or Jeffery families who lived in Montreal and Quebec City. The children are absolutely adorable.


Unknown family members, likely the Norton/Jeffery family who lived in Quebec City and Montreal.


I couldn’t help but add this picture, also a tintype. I believe it to be the same boy as in the above picture.

If you have a clue about who these children are or the dates of the tintypes I would love to hear from you.

John Alexander & George Jeffery

John Alexander Jeffery was the first-born son of Robert Jeffery & Elizabeth Tipper. They had him baptized at St. Gabriel’s Presbyterian church in Montreal on Dec. 7, 1818. There is little to be told about John, other than he died in Quebec City at the age of 21 years and is buried in an unknown location. The burial record wrongly states he was thirty years old when he died.

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St. Andrew’s Presbyterian Church 

Robert & Elizabeth’s son George was born in 1836 and died the following year at the age of 17 months.


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St. Andrew’s Presbyterian CHurch, Quebec City


Two lives cut too short.

In Summary of the Jeffery children series:

Robert Jeffery & Elizabeth Tipper had a total of nine children, three passed away as young children and one as a young adult, I have not found a burial location for any of them, and even more strange is a burial location is still as of yet unknown for the parents.

In exploring my research for these posts I have:

  1. Added more documents to the family tree.
  2. Discovered/rediscovered the birth location for George Robertson husband of Elizabeth Jeffery.
  3. Found the marriage record for Elizabeth Tipper’s parents, which gave me her mother’s maiden name. (it has been ages since I added information on my direct line so a very happy day)
  4. Helped to highlight the census records I am still missing for family members.

Spellings I have come across for this surname – Jeffery, Jeffrey, Jefferey, Jaffary, Jaffray, Jaffery, Jefferies, Jeffries and so on. I chose to use the spelling Jeffery in writing this series for unity in my posts.

Writing this series has been a great way to review my research and help me to pinpoint what records I am lacking for the family and also a way to delve a little deeper into the lives of the Jeffery family members.

If you connect or suspect you connect to this Jeffery family do not hesitate to write me and let me know. I would love to find a cousin to collaborate with!

Violence in 1840 – A Fearless Female

March 19 — Have you discovered a surprising fact about one of your female ancestors? What was it and how did you learn it? How did you feel when you found out? Blog prompt from Lisa Alzo.

March 19, 1840 is the day my 41-year-old great, great grandmother Elizabeth Tipper laid charges against her attacker. Her attacker was a 5’7” dark-complected man who physically attacked and threatened her life.

March 19, 2015 marks 175 years since that day. The harsh reality of discovering this information was a shock; I had no idea of the horrors that her and her children went through. You see her attacker was her husband. Domestic violence is in my family tree.

I am not sure how often women had the confidence to stand up to their husbands in 1840 or are listened to; Elizabeth did just that. They listened

Elizabeth & Robert Jeffrey married in St. Andrew’s Church, on February 2, 1818 in Quebec City. Robert was a Scottish immigrant to Canada, a stone mason by trade. Children started arriving soon after, first a son John and then daughter Mary both born in Montreal. Mary died the following year, but children continued to arrive until Elizabeth had given birth to nine, with six surviving infancy. Being a Mason, Robert and his family went where there was work, Montreal back to Quebec City and in 1832, St. Etienne de Beauce. Robert signed a contract to build a mill for George Pozer. This answers the question, as to where my great grandmother received her name Hannah Pozer Jeffrey. With the building finished the family travelled back to Quebec City.

The evening of March 19th, 1840 was the last straw for Elizabeth. She took a step that she had avoided till now and went to the police filing a complaint. Was my great grandmother Hannah a witness to this? My daughter Jordan is eight, the same age Hannah was when the events unfolded. Did she hear her dad say to her mom, “…death was waiting for her…” How many times had she heard it before? What else had she witnessed her father do? Not being the first time that he had attacked her mother. According to the police report her father had “been in the frequent habit of beating and ill-using…” her mother.

Forgiveness granted, as is so often the case in domestic violence situations. Elizabeth is hoping that Robert is a changed man, and that bringing the charges against him worked, that he won’t do it again. She reconciled with Robert and their last child Julia Heathfield Jeffrey arrives in 1842. The story is not over though, Robert doesn’t change, things do not go well for Elizabeth.

Less than a year later she had him arrested again, and he served a month in prison this time.

Elizabeth finally stopped forgiving Robert in the 1851 census she is living with her daughter Elizabeth in Quebec City, and Robert’s gone. Elizabeth passes away two years later at the age of 54 “after a lingering illness of eight months, which she bore with becoming resignation”.

Quebec Mercury April 12, 1853

Quebec Mercury
April 12, 1853

Elizabeth (Tipper) Jeffrey, maybe one of my most Fearless Female. This white ribbon is for her.

ribbon_japan [Converted]

*I am very thankful to Elizabeth LaPointe for researching the prison records and to the BanQ Quebec Archives for their on-line databases but in this case specifically for Inmates in the Prison of Quebec 19th century.